Erdogan’s rebellion against the Lausanne Treaty

By Dr. Anas al-Raheb

Turkey is part of Europe and a NATO member whose army ranks second among other members in terms of strength.  It is also the biggest economy in the Middle East. The United States believes that Turkey is important in confronting China and Russia. Also, the European Union sees that Turkey is important as a central point between the EU on the one hand and Asia and the Middle East on the other. Turkey also has influence in the Balkans and the Caucasus.

Turkey, under Recep Tayyib Erdogan, is in a state of conflict with all, be they friends or non-friends, and there are serious calls for expelling it from NATO due to its provocative and aggressive behavior towards Greece and Cyprus, the two European Union (EU) member states. Also, Turkey engaged itself in an open war in both Syria and Libya.

 A hundred years after the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923, the Turks plan to reconsider their arrangements within a special strategy that considers new developments in a different light.

One hundred years ago, France, Britain and Italy held a meeting in the southwest of Paris to divide the Ottoman Empire. The meeting concluded after signing the "Treaty of Sèvres" on August 10th, 1920 after World War I, which paved the way for the reformation of the New Middle East.

The treaty put harsh conditions on the defeated Ottomans. The nationalists Ottomans led by Ataturk rejected the treaty, waged several wars on the French, the Greeks and the Italians and managed to drive them out of Anatolia and force them to sign a new treaty with new conditions in 1923 known as the "Treaty of Lausanne" that set the borders of modern Turkey.

Taking into consideration the new developments in the region, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) found that Turkey has many elements that help it be an international player, not a regional one, with an independent policy just like the world’s super powers. To achieve this, Turkey has to get out of the box of "Lausanne Treaty" of 1923 and regain its influence through expanding itself on the ground even by force.

As the Turkish occupation persists in cutting off drinking water from Hasaka, the suffering continues

In light of the Turkish occupation's control of Alouk station, which is the main source of drinking water for more than a million civilians, the suffering of the people of Hasakah continues, depicted  in their daily search to secure a few liters of water to quench the family’s thirst.

Dozens of children, elderly and women gather daily around water tanks that are provided by government agencies in cooperation with the organizations, but they do not meet their needs, especially since there are areas that these tanks do not reach due to the great pressure on them and their distance from the city center.  Some people have resorted to the outskirts of neighborhoods to secure drinking water from salty wells, as they have no other choice.

Erdogan's regime applies a policy of Turkification in the areas occupied by its forces in northern Syria

The Turkish regime, headed by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, continues its systematic Turkification policy in the areas occupied by its forces and terrorist organizations in northern Syria.

This Turkification policy includes changing the Turkish occupied area’ features, making a demographic change in it, displacing its residents, imposing deals in Turkish lira instead of the Syrian national currency, changing school curricula and the names of towns and villages in it.

In a new step in the context of Turkification policy on August 15, media outlets revealed that the Turkish Higher Education Council approved the expansion of the (Gaziantep) University branches and opening three new study departments in the Turkish -occupied areas in northern Syria.

Shaaban: I do not know if the UAE has interest in normalizing relations with "Israel"

There is no talk with the occupier until the withdrawal from our land Buthaina Shaaban, the political and media advisor in the Syrian Presidency, considered that President Bashar Al-Assad's speech before the People's Assembly was a keynote speech, and that President Al-Assad presented visions for the people, the People's Assembly and officials.

In an interview with Al-Mayadeen TV, Shaaban stated that President Al-Assad confronted in the speech all the factors that affect the war on Syria, and made clear that the strategic vision must come out with plans that can be implemented.

She pointed out that President Al-Assad focused on the mechanisms of work and national identity, noting that the aim of criticism is to turn it into positive action mechanisms.  President Al-Assad in his speech spoke about the negatives, saying: "That criticism must be constructive."

Shaaban noted that the reform process has not stopped, and that what distinguished President al-Assad’s speech was a long-term view, saying that President al-Assad liked to convey a message about the existence of a media breakthrough, as he spoke that “internal Zionists” are the ones who speak to the Zionists abroad. Arab countries are witnessing breakthroughs, and our enemies focus on infiltrations more than they focus on wars. The psychological aspect is an essential part of the war on Syria, underlining the importance of President Al-Assad ‘s speech in fortifying  the country.

Shaaban asserted that the most important tools for confrontation are confidence and public awareness, adding that confronting the media war is not limited to awareness, but needs procedures and plans, and patience in addition to work, will and innovation.

"When the enemy decided to release Sidqi al-Maqt, he refused to go out on the conditions of the Israeli enemy, which is an honorable stance, "Shaaban said, adding that  the indication of mentioning Sidqi al-Maqt in President al-Assad's speech is to emphasize that he is an example of a man adopting both a  free stance and dignity.

Shaaban confirmed that President Al-Assad rejects revenge on any issue, even on the issue of the corrupt, and that the President believes that revenge generates revenge and we must resort to tolerance, and that combating corruption is not for revenge but to address flaws. Regarding the issue of fighting corruption, we must focus on reform and accountability not on revenge- and this is a political methodology that preserves the nation.

"Syria is central in the Arab world resistance, and when we defeated the terrorist groups, the Israeli National Security Studies Center issued more than five bulletins about what Syria will do now after its victory over terrorism, " Shaaban stated.

Shaaban pointed out that President Assad's link between terrorism and the "Caesar Act", America and Israel is important because they are all parts of one scenario, and the demands that they put in the "Caesar Act" mean that we have to hand them over what they want, and thus rob the Syrian independent decision.

On its 75th anniversary: Syrian Arab army renews pledge to continue the march of victories

Syrian people mark today the 75thanniversary for the establishment of the Syrian Arab army remembering the glorious Syrian history which was  made by the heroes of the Syrian Arab army  as they have been writing the great Syrian history with their heroic deeds that will be a lighthouse guiding the way for forthcoming generations to motivate them to exert more efforts and sacrifices in defence of their rich legacy.

Since its foundation, the Syrian Arab army has raised the banner of confronting the Zionist Western project of occupying Palestine and giving it to the Zionist gangs in the 1940s. The Syrian Arab army has been the impregnable fort in confrontation of the Zionists whose greed pushed them to usurp more Arab territories.

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