Palmyra's funeral scenes ... evidence of an ancient Syrian civilization

The monuments and funeral buildings of Palmyra were valuable scientific material for archaeologists, as they adopted a study and research that distinguished between those intended for the public class of the Tadmuri community and the huge funeral cemeteries of the rich class.

The Palmyrian funerary monuments are of great importance because not only because of their type of funerary monument, but also because it is one of the oldest remains of Palmyra, as most of them date back to the first century AD. Even the symbols and meanings of these monuments related to the world of death and its associated concepts, for this they were classified into several groups according to the inscriptions and images they carried.

The funerary tombstones known in al-Tadmuriyyah language as “Nafsh”, which means the person or the soul. i.e. it was a representation of the buried  person, as it was planted inside a group of small stone pieces above the grave , where an inscription in al-Tadmuriyyah was engraved indicating the deceased, while we find other tombstones containing the funeral feast  which represents the  Palmyrian family with all its members.

Al-Amd” Archaeological Site Remarkable Landmark in Al-Qrayya

The town of “Al-Qrayya”   in Sweida province is rich in its deep-rooted history as it witnessed several remarkable civilizations . Historically, it dates back to the Roman Empire era according to some archaeologists. 

The archaeological site of al-Amd in the town of al-Qrayya  still hides  many secrets which  have not been disclosed .

Head  of  Sweida Antiquities Department, Dr. Nashaat Kiwan told SANA   that this site was linked to the memory of the town’s residents  as an  archaeological site, but there are no documentary studies about its history and its uses. 

He pointed out  that the site includes part of a corridor roofed with basalt hills above cylindrical columns that are not decorated and in the middle of it are small terraces that may not date back to the period of building the columns itself. 

To the west of the Al-Amad site, as Kiwan said, there is an archaeological cemetery in which excavations carried out by the Sweida Antiquities Department showed finds dating back to the Byzantine and Islamic periods.

Sculpture of the Creation Myth ... Civilization as Narrated by the Temple of Bel in Palmyra

Among the many surviving monuments of Palmyra is the remarkable temple of the Semitic god Bel. It  was a treasure of incalculable value that stood as a monument to religious accommodation..

The  sculpture of the myth of creation is considered one of the most important sculptures in the temple of Bel in Palmyra. It embodies  the struggle between  good represented by the god Bel  and  evil represented by the goddess Tiamat.

The sculpture , which  forms one of the girders in the ceiling of the corridor surrounding the sanctuary of the temple,  narrates how the god Bel became god of  gods  of  the Palmyrenes.

Archaeological “Miyamas” temples ... Unique architectural edifices dating back to the second century AD

The village of “Miyamas’ , which is  located about 20 kilometers southeast of the city of  Sweida , is rich in its antiquities  dating back to different eras, most notably of which are the ancient  houses built of basalt stones and the two ancient temples that  narrate  the story of a great deep-rooted past.

 Head of  Sweida Antiquities Department, Dr. Nashat Kiwan told SANA  that the two Miyamas temples date back to the Roman era in the first half of the second century AD.

Archaeological “Tal Diab” Site Rich Civilization Witness to Syrian Al-Jazira Area

The Syrian Al-Jazira area has witnessed through its history a number of remarkable deep-rooted  civilizations due to its  historical, natural, human and economic importance.

On the left bank of Wadi Abbas, 125 km northeast of the city of Hasaka, the ancient Tal Diab is located .It is a rich witness to the successive civilizations on the Euphrates River and the Syrian Al-Jazira area. 

The archaeological excavations at the site have revealed since 1987 the eras which  the site witnessed including  Akkadian, Mitanni, Assyrian, Greek, Hellenistic, Parthian, Roman and Arab-Islamic civilization.

The archaeologist  Dr. Abd al-Masih Baghdou pointed out  that a collection of tandoors  and large pottery jars used for storage were discovered  at the archaeological site, in addition to several graves, one of which included  a set of pottery vessels and bronze tools  dating back to the end of the Akkadian  era.  

Baghdou explained that the archaeological discoveries found parts of a palace dating back to the Akkadian period. The palace consisted  of three large rooms and a square covered with with basalt stones, and two buildings located on the northern side which were  used as stores and warehouses for the palace. A third building  was also discovered consisting of several rooms and a street separating the buildings belonging to the palace.