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Syria ranks 4th in world olive oil production

Syria is well known through the world as one of the largest producers of olive and olive oil. This particular sector of agricultural industry within Syria covers an area of 532,000 hectares and totals 76 million olive trees.

It is estimated that there are approximately 850 million olive trees in the world, 98% are in the Mediterranean countries.

During the 2004 - 2005 season, Europe produced 69% putting the country in the 2nd place following Europe and in 4th place behind Spain, Italy and Greece.

The Syrian government is keen on developing the agricultural sector, particularly the growing of olive due to its importance in boosting the national economy. It exerted intensive efforts to increase productivity through carrying out reclamation projects providing saplings, loans and drawing up programmes that aim to combat diseases.

The planted areas and the number of olive trees in Syria have increased from 241,000 hectares and 26 million trees in 1980 to 532,000 hectares and 76 million trees in 2004. Productivity also has increased from 300,000 tons including 54,000 tones olive oil in 1980 - 1981, to one million tons in 2003- 2004 and 200, 000 tones.

In 2003 Syria attained self- sufficiency and exported more than 300,000 tons of olive oil to Arab and foreign countries.

The amount of olive oil production in 2005 referred to 700,000 tons. Local consumption of oil for 2004 reached 120,000 tons.

The development of this agriculture sector in line with the government's plan to plant 1-2 million trees per year will increase the surplus and create some challenges that may have impact on quality, marketing, guarantee of safe storage and other  facilities as production was about 85,000 tons in 2010 and storage capacity is not sufficient.

Director of Agriculture Bureau in Daraa, Eng. Abdulfattah         al Rahhal, said that the amount of olive oil production for this year 2012-  2013 is expected to reach 84, 000 tons and the expected production of olive oil is expected to reach 10,000 tons.


The total number of olive trees in the governorate is estimated at 6,3 million trees. Those trees cover an area of 24918 hectares in dry areas and 5463 hectares in irrigated areas, eng. Al Rahhal added.

It is worthy mentioned that the production in Daraa reached over 70, 000 tons last year. The governorate has 40 modern olive oil pressers and the production capacity of those pressers reaches 3250 tones of olive per day.

Deputy Director of Agriculture Bureau in Quneitra, Eng. Shaman Jumah, said that the planted area with olive oil in the governorate is estimated at 5371 hectares.

 The trees, including fruitful trees, in dry areas cover 49454 dunums and 5917 hectares in irrigated areas. The total amount of olive trees reaches 955,000, Eng. Jumah said.

The total production for this year 2012- 2013 is expected to reach 6027 tons, he added.

The plan in Quneitra for the agricultural season 2012- 2013 has witnessed enlarging in planting olive trees whereas the area is estimated at 170 hectares and the number of the saplings is estimated at 27200, Eng. Jumah concludedd.


Sh/ Kh


PM inaugurates kafar Sousse services complex

DAMASCUS, (S.T) _ The Syrian government is going ahead in offering best services to citizens and carrying out development projects across Syria despite the terrorist groups' sabotage acts that target country's infrastructure, particularly power plants, oil and gas pipelines and water plants.

The remark was made on Monday by Prime Minister, Dr.Wael al-Halqi, during the opening ceremony of the SP165 mln-cost Kafer Souseh complex in Damascus, that consists of several services directorates.

"Syria will come out of its crisis victorious and stronger thanks to the armed forces' sacrifices and the Syrian people's steadfastness," said the PM.

He called on workers at the directorates to use up-to-date technology to facilitate measures before citizens, noting that similar complexes are due to be set up in other Syrian provinces.

On the other hand, the PM laid the foundation stone of the housing units' project in Bab Sharqi suburb in Damascus.

The said project is scheduled to contain 320 apartments.

Moreover, inspected works at another housing units project being carried out for those whose houses at illegal areas have been notified of demolition.

The SP380mln-cost project is a housing complex comprised of 12 floors with 120 apartments and shops.

"These projects came within the framework of the government's efforts to provide citizens with best services in all sectors, including that of  housing, through drawing up future plans and programs to carry out the largest number of housing units," said the Premier.

He indicated that the number of apartments in these housing projects is up to 1500, and they are scheduled to be delivered within next months.

Basma Qaddour

Syria, Iran for more Agricultural Cooperation

Damascus(ST) the means of strengthening bilateral cooperation between Syria and Iran, particularly expanding the agricultural exports between the two friendly countries are the main issues discussed in the meeting recently held by Minister of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform, Subhi al-Abdullah with Assistant of the Iranian Ambassador in Damascus, Abbas Kanro,

Al-Abdullah stressed Syria's keenness on reactivating cooperation relation between the two countries in the different aspects of agriculture as well as opening the Iranian markets for the surplus of the Syrian agricultural products, particularly citrus and olive oil.

Al-Abdullah stressed the desire to enhance cooperation in the veterinary health sector especially in the field of producing of foot-and-mouth vaccines through  setting up a laboratory in Syria to achieve sufficiency in this field.

For his part, Kanro stressed Iran's keenness for enhancing  agricultural cooperation between the two sides, referring to his country's desire to import a number of Syrian agricultural products especially the Awassi sheep.

Amal Farhat

SP 972 mln allocated for the 2013 Daraa projects

Local Administration circles in Daraa province have set its capital expenditure budget at SP 972 million for the 2013 investment plan in all fields in the province.

Mr.Dahi al-Krad, Planning Director in the province, said: “projects in fields of education, health, culture, social affairs, sport are being carried out within the framework of the province's plan under signed contracts.”

From January 2012 through November, the expenditures on Education directorate’s projects estimated at SP20 mln out of SP 36mln. While that of technical services reached up to SP.178.5mln out of SP 820.2 mln.

"the health projects’ expenditures hit SP 44.8mln out of SP 105.6 mln.  However, SP12mln out of SP21.4 mln was spent on sport projects within the aforementioned period," Mr. al-Krad clarified.

"expenditures of the city council’s projects including that of road, construction, lightening, gardens, sewage, and extinguishing fire reached up to SP 11.6 mln out of SP 40 mln,"added al-krad.

He  asserted that ,until the beginning of December, around SP 85mln out of SP115.2mln was spent on agriculture Directorate’s projects, noting that water projects’ expenditures hit SP 180.4mln out of SP330mln.

In 2012, SP21 mln plus  SP4mln were allocated for the culture directorate’s expenditures , environment and social affairs’ ones respectively. But these approbations have not spent due to current crisis in  Syria .

Basma Qaddour

SP 2.2 Bln for Industrial Investment in 2013

The investment credits for the next year has decline to the half in harmony with the government's plan to rationalize the investment and production expenditure according to the basic needs of citizens and ensure the necessary production plans in the government and private sectors taking into consideration the foreign economic pressure whereas the credits of the investment plan decreased to SP 2, 2 bln,

a source at Industry Ministry said.

Director of Planning at the Industry Ministry, Reem Hilli, said that the Chemical Establishment is number one as for its allocations of credit which estimated at SP 498 mln, the Engineering Establishment SP370 mln, the General Establishment of Cement SP 240 mln SP, the Cotton Establishment SP 210 mln , the Sugar Establishment SP 160 mln, the Establishment of Tobacco 140 million SP and the Food Industries SP 113 mln.

Hilli said that 11 million SP was allocated to the Central Administration, SP 13 mln to the Training Directorate, SP 72 mln to the Industrial Tests and Researches Centre and SP 9 mln to the Standardization and Measuring Commission.

New Enterprises    

 The most important projects to be implemented the next year are a Technical Centre for Textile with a total cost estimated at SP 10 mln, a project for producing and refining olive oil in cooperation between the Food Industries and the Venezuelan side.

The Engineering Establishment is planning to implement five enterprises in 2013. The Solar Energy Project, developing telephone cables, constructing buses and lorries, producing electric meters and producing the components of cars.

The establishment intends to set up the phosphate fertilizer factory in addition to the flat glass project, SP 160 mln allocated to complete the project.

The General Establishment of Cement Industry has an investment plan to complete the economic unity project, whereas SP 8 mln allocated for this purpose.

A project for building Tartous Tobacco new warehouses with an amount estimated at SP 50 mln.

The next investment plan for the Cotton Establishment is to complete the project of training and rehabilitation, the new Raqqa Cotton Grin and setting up a new grin at al Hassaka, Hilli said.

Six new projects at the level of establishments to be implemented the next year, Hilli added.

For its part, Industry Ministry assured that the implementation rate of the investment plans hasn't exceeded 7% of the total investment credits allocated for the current year which estimated at SP 5,3 bln..

Searching for Partnership:       

The Director of the General Establishment of Engineering Industries, Suheil Sa'd, talked about his establishment's plan and the allocated credits for the investment projects estimated at SP 312 mln .

It is worthy noting, that in harmony with the available potentials and the current crisis in Syria, the next phase imposes on all to take interest with the economic question and search for the best means to facilitate setting up and financing investments. This step should be taken in cooperation with the economic and industrial activities to pass private legislations and ensure the legal structure that control partnership to develop national industry including the public, private and joint sectors.