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Climate change: 'Future proofing' forests to protect orangutans

A study has identified key tree species that are resilient to climate change and support critically endangered apes.

Planting them could help future proof rainforests, which are a key habitat for orangutans, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature – IUCN, according to BBC

Researchers surveyed 250 plants in Indonesia's Kutai National Park.

Over 1,000 orangutans are thought to inhabit the park, as well as other rare animals such as the Malayan sun bear.

Toothless species of dinosaur that lived 100 million years ago and fed on eggs is discovered

A small, chicken-sized dinosaur that lived 100 million years ago has been unearthed by scientists in Mongolia.

It had huge shell crushing jaws and probably fed on eggs, seeds and molluscs thanks to its powerful mouth muscles, overcoming the fact it had no teeth.

It has been named Gobiraptor minutus after the Gobi desert where it was dug up, according to Daily Mail.

Resembling a giant chicken, it was a member of the crested oviraptorosaurs that featured in Jurassic Park.

Pandas used to be meat-eaters!

Scientists say the ancestors of the bamboo-loving animals were carnivores and had a more varied diet, say scientists

Pandas exist on a diet of solely bamboo, but their ancestors enjoyed a more varied diet that once included meat. 

It is thought the black-and-white bears evolved into vegetarians slowly over thousands of years, according to Daily Mail.

The most likely explanation is that they undertook changes in habitat, where available food types varied.

It remains unknown what meat the ancient bears would have enjoyed.

World's biggest animals evolved to walk on their tiptoes because it allowed them to develop stronger legs

There is a reason that many of the largest mammals, from rhinos and hippos to giraffes, walk on tiptoe, according to Daily Mail.

Starting to walk on their toes and hooves may have allowed these animals to become huge and take over the planet.

A study of 880 mammals has found many rapidly grew in size at the same time they evolved from being flat-footed to walking on tiptoes.

Crocodiles have complex past

A new study throws into question the notion that today's crocodiles and alligators have a simple evolutionary past.

Previous research has pointed to crocodiles and alligators starting with a land-based ancestor some 200 million years ago and then moving to fresh water, becoming the semi-aquatic ambush predators they are today, according to Science Daily.

But a new analysis, offers a different story. Modern crocodiles and alligators came from a variety of surroundings beginning in the early Jurassic Period, and various species occupied a host of ecosystems over time, including land, estuarine, freshwater and marine.